THE MOSQUE OF CORDOBA
During the first years of the muslin presence in the city of Cordoba, Christians and Muslims shared the largest church in the city, the San Vicente Basilica, until Abderrahman I bought the Christian part and started the construction of the mosque (in the year 784) taking advantage of most Visigoth materials of the basilica.
The artistic importance of the cordobese city comes from the Muslim period and it’s manifested above all in that mosque. It’s the perfect complement for the visit of the Mosque of Cordoba. The importance of the city in history, is appreciated after the visit of the two greatest monuments that have remained until our days, the Mosque and the city of Medina Azahara.
The first construction has a patio and a harem of eleven rooms or areas perpendicular to the qibla, with nine sections in each area. Afterward, Hisham I built the antique minaret. During the rule of Abderrahman II (year 848) and Al-Hakam II (between 961 and 966) the mosque grew wider with the adding of eight more sections in the southern areas. The extension of Al-Hakam corresponds with the qibla and the mihrab that is preserved to this day. Under the rule of Almanzor (Abu Amir Muhammad ben Abi Amir al-Maafiri – in the 987) the last great extension was made, introducing eight more areas in the eastern side, this left the mihrab off-center.